Paraformaldehyde, 97%

CAS Number 30525-89-4 Synonyms
  • Polyoxymethylene

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Paraformaldehyde, 97%

MDL: MFCD00133991
EINECS: 200-001-8

Chemical Properties

Formula: (CH2O)n  Flash point: 71°(159°F)
Melting point: 120-170° dec. Density: 1.30

Literature References

Formaldehyde monomer, generated by thermolysis, has been used for the ɑ-hydroxymethylation of dilithiated carboxylic acids. Dehydration of the products affords ɑ-alkyl acrylic acids: J. Org. Chem., 37, 1256 (1972). Monomeric formaldehyde can also be prepared as a THF solution by dehydration with p-Toluenesulfonic anhydride, L00160, and co-distillation of the monomer with the solvent: Synlett, 704 (1990). The use of anhydrous molecular formaldehyde for hydroxymethylation reactions has been discussed: Synlett, 227 (1990).

For use in the preparation of di-t-butyl methylenemalonate, see Di-tert-butyl­ malonate, A12774. For the direct ɑ-methylenation of ketones, see N-Methyl­anilinium trifluoroacetate, A17781.

For use in preparation of Mannich bases, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 305 (1955); 4, 281 (1963). For reviews, see: Org. React., 1, 303 (1942); Synthesis, 703 (1973); Tetrahedron, 46, 1791 (1990).

In the presence of HCl, aromatics undergo chloromethylation. For reviews, see: Org. React., 1, 63 (1942); Russ. Chem. Rev., 46, 891 (1977). Caution! carcinogenic bis(chloromethyl) ether is formed in these reactions. In combination with Hydrobromic acid, A14475, the bromomethylation of aromatics has been effected: J. Org. Chem., 58, 1262 (1993). The same combination also N-bromomethylates phthalimide and other imides: Synlett, 933 (1994).

Reaction with dialkyl phosphites gives hydroxymethyl phosphonates, which, after O-protection, undergo the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction to give enol ethers. See, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 160 (1990).

See also Formaldehyde, A16163 and 1,3,5-Trioxane, A15639 .

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements : H314-H318-H228-H351-H302-H332-H317

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Flammable solid. Suspected of causing cancer. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction.

Precautionary Statements : P210-P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501A

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

FlammableCorrosiveHarmful or IrritantHealth Hazard

Other References

Merck: 14,7025
Beilstein: 102769
UN#: UN2213
Hazard Class: 4.1
Packing Group: III
Harmonized Tariff Code: 2912.60
RTECS: RV0540000


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