A11767

Trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride, 98%

CAS Number 358-23-6 Synonyms
  • Triflic anhydride

 
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Trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride, 98%

MDL: MFCD00000408
EINECS: 206-616-8

Chemical Properties

Formula: C2F6O5S2  Density: 1.720
Formula weight: 282.13  Refractive Index: 1.3210
Melting point: -80° Sensitivity: Moisture Sensitive
Boiling point: 81-83° 

Literature References

For examples of preparation of alkyl and aryl triflates, and use of the latter in the Stille coupling reaction, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 324 (1988); 9, 553 (1998). Alkyl triflates undergo solvolysis reactions between five and seven powers of ten times more rapidly than the corresponding halides or tosylates: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 6478 (1975); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 9, 521 (1970). For a review of the chemistry of triflate esters, see: Synthesis, 85 (1982).

Enolizable carbonyl compounds in the presence of base can be converted to vinyl (enol) triflates: Synthesis, 85 (1982); Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 757 (1988). For conditions employing preferred base, 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methyl­pyridine, L14143, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 97, 126 (1993). Enol triflates behave as a source of vinyl cations. For reviews, see: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 17, 333 (1978); Acc. Chem. Res., 11, 107 (1978); 15, 348 (1982); 21, 147 (1988).

For formation of keteniminium triflates, see N,N-Dimethyl­acetamide, A10924.

The Ritter reaction is normally most successful with tertiary alcohols. In contrast, a useful variation allows conversion of primary or secondary alcohols to amides in good yield: Tetrahedron Lett., 30, 581 (1989):

For use in the Vilsmeier formylation of less active substrates, see N,N-Dimethyl­formamide, A13547.

Triflic anhydride has also been found to promote the nitration of arenes, even deactivated ones, under mild conditions: Synthesis, 1087 (1992).

For a review of chemical transformations induced by the reagent, see: Tetrahedron, 56, 3077 (2000). For a brief feature on uses in synthesis, see: Synlett, 390 (2004).

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements : H314-H318

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.

Precautionary Statements : P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501A

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Corrosive

Other References

Beilstein: 1813600
UN#: UN3265
Hazard Class: 8
Packing Group: II
Harmonized Tariff Code: 2904.90
TSCA: Yes
RTECS: PB2772000

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