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It is used in electronic ceramics and fluorescent paints. It is employed as an oxidant for selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides, as a nitrating reagent for synthesizing nitro aromatic compounds, and as a precursor for Dragendorff reagent for use in TLC stain and for testing the presence of alkaloids. On silica gel support, it has been reported to be an efficient catalyst for the Biginelli reaction.
Polanki, I. K.; Kurma, S. H.; Bhattacharya, A. K. Direct Glycosylation of Unprotected and Unactivated Sugars Using Bismuth Nitrate Pentahydrate. J. Carbohydr. Chem. 2015, 34 (4), 196-205.
Miersch, L.; Schlesinger, M.; Troff, R. W.; Schalley, C. A.; Rüffer, T.; Heinrich Lang, H.; Zahn, D.; Mehring, M. Hydrolysis of a Basic Bismuth Nitrate-Formation and Stability of Novel Bismuth Oxido Clusters. Chem-Eur. J. 2011, 17 (25), 6985-6990.
Park, Y.; McDonald, K. J.; Choi, K. Progress in Bismuth Vanadate Photoanodes for Use in Solar Water Oxidation. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 2321-2337.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H272-H315-H319-H335
May intensify fire; oxidizer. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.