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Samarium(III) oxide is used in optical and infrared absorbing glass to absorb infrared radiation. It finds use as a neutron absorber in nuclear power reactors to control the reaction. It is also used as a catalyst for the dehydration of primary alcohols to aldehydes or ketones. It forms samarium perchlorate when treated with perchloric acid, which is used as a reference material for checking the wavelength scale of a spectrophotometer in the range of 200 to 500 nm.
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Sone, B. T.; Manikandan, E.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Maaza, M. Sm2O3 nanoparticles green synthesis via Callistemon viminalis' extract. J. Alloys Compd. 2015, 650, 357-362.
Han, B.; Chen, N.; Deng, D.; Deng, S.; Djerdj, I.; Wang, Y. Enhancing phosphate removal from water by using ordered mesoporous silica loaded with samarium oxide. Anal. Methods 2015, 7 (23), 10052-10060.
Hodgson, G. K.; Impellizzeri, S.; Hallett-Tapley, G. L.; Scaiano, J. C. Photochemical synthesis and characterization of novel samarium oxide nanoparticles: toward a heterogeneous Brønsted acid catalyst. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (5), 3728-3732.