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Sulfuric acid is used as an electrolyte in lead-acid batteries, and a cleaning agent. It is used in mineral processing, fertilizer manufacturing, oil refining, wastewater processing, and chemical synthesis. It is also used in the production of detergents, synthetic resins, dyestuffs, pharmaceuticals, petroleum catalysts, insecticides, antifreeze, processes such as oil well acidizing, aluminum reduction, paper sizing, pigments, enamels, printing inks, coated fabrics and paper. It is also used in the production of explosives, cellophane, acetate and viscose textiles, lubricants, non-ferrous metals and batteries. Sulfuric acid immobilized on silica gel is used as an efficient and benign catalyst.
Torrent-Sucarra, M.; Francisco, S. J.; Anglada, M. J. Sulfuric Acid as Autocatalyst in the Formation of Sulfuric Acid. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134 (51), 20632-20644.
Yan, H.; Chen, Y.; Xu, S. Synthesis of Graphitic Carbon Nitride by Directly Heating Sulfuric acid Treated Melamine for Enhanced Photocatalytic H2 Production from Water Under Visible Light. Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. 2012, 37 (1), 125-133.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H314
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.