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Samarium(III) oxide is used in optical and infrared absorbing glass to absorb infrared radiation. It finds use as a neutron absorber in nuclear power reactors to control the reaction. It is also used as a catalyst for the dehydration of primary alcohols to aldehydes or ketones. It forms samarium perchlorate when treated with perchloric acid, which is used as a reference material for checking the wavelength scale of a spectrophotometer in the range of 200 to 500 nm.
Deng, T.; Zhang, C.; Xiao, Y.; Xie, A.; Pang, Y.; Yang, Y. One-step synthesis of samarium-doped ceria and its CO catalysis. Bull. Mater. Sci. 2015, 38 (5), 1149-1154.
Sone, B. T.; Manikandan, E.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Maaza, M. Sm2O3 nanoparticles green synthesis via Callistemon viminalis' extract. J. Alloys Compd. 2015, 650, 357-362.