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Gadolinium(III) oxide is used as a raw material for various fluorescent compounds, absorption material in atomic reactions, nuclear fuels, magnetic bubble material and screen-sensitivity increasing material. It is also used in glass and electronic industries. It also acts as a neutron shield, a catalyst, a dielectric ceramic and is used for filament coatings, special glasses, lasers, masers and telecommunication. It also serves as a laboratory reagent. It plays an important role as a potential contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
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Tamrakar, R. K.; Bisen, D. P. Thermoluminescence studies of ultraviolet and gamma irradiated erbium (III)-and ytterbium (III)-doped gadolinium oxide phosphors. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 2015, 33, 169-188.