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Indium(III) chloride hydrate is used for mild and selective cleavage of tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethers. It is a Lewis acid, and serves as a catalyst for many organic transformations. It also catalyzes the conversion of aldehydes to gem diacetates by chemoselective process. Lithium indium hydride, an in situ reducing agent, can be prepared from indium trichloride. It catalyzes reactions such as Friedel-Crafts acylations and Diels-Alder reactions. It also catalyzes Knoevenagel condensation between the barbituric acid and the aldehyde.
Yadav, J.S.; Subba Reddy, B.V.; Srinivas, C. Indium Trichloride Catalyzed Chemoselective Conversion of Aldehydes to Gem- Diacetates. Synth. Commun. 2002, 32 (14), 2149-2153.
Onishi, Y.; Nishimoto, Y.; Yasuda, M.; Baba, A. A mild and selective cleavage of tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethers by indium(III) chloride. Org. Lett. 2014, 16, (4), 1176-1179.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H302-H314-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.