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The primary use of iridium is as a hardening agent in platinum alloys. Other uses are for the making of crucibles and devices that require high temperatures. Osmium/iridium alloys are used for compass bearings. Iridium is commonly used in complexes like Ir(mppy)3 and other complexes in polymer LED technology to increase the efficiency from 25% to about 100% due to triplet harvesting. Used in high-dose radiation therapy for the treatment of prostate and other forms of cancer. Iridium is used in tips of ballpoint pens. Iridium is used as a catalyst for carbonylation of methanol to create acetic acid. At one time, iridium as an alloy with platinum, was used in bushing the vents of heavy ordnance and, in a finely powdered condition (iridium black) for painting porcelain black.
Pan, S.; Shibata, T. Recent Advances in Iridium-Catalyzed Alkylation of C-H and N-H Bonds. ACS Catal. 2013, 3 (4), 704-712.
Antolini, E. Iridium As Catalyst and Cocatalyst for Oxygen Evolution/Reduction in Acidic Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Electrolyzers and Fuel Cells. ACS Catal. 2014, 4 (5), 1426-1440.
Suzuki, T. Organic Synthesis Involving Iridium-Catalyzed Oxidation. Chem. Rev. 2011, 111 (3), 1825-1845.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H228
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