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Erbium foil used in Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes, including thermal and electron-beam (e-beam) evaporation, for the preparation of thin films. It is used as an alloying element with titanium and is also used to produce infra-red absorbing glass.
Michael Atzmon; Karl M.Unruh; William L.Johnson. Formation and characterization of amorphous erbium-based alloys prepared by near-isothermal cold-rolling of elemental composites. J. Appl. Phys. 1985, 58, (10), 3865
B.Kiraly; F.Tarkanyi; S.Takacs; A.Hermanne; S.F.Kovalev; A.V.Ignatyuk. Excitation functions of alpha-induced nuclear reactions on natural erbium. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 2008, 266, (4), 549-554
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H228-H260
Flammable solid. In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.