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Catechol is used as a developer for photographic films, dyes and an intermediate for antioxidants in rubber and lubricating oils. It is used in polymerization inhibitors and in pharmaceuticals. It is a building block in organic synthesis and involved in the preparation of flavors and fragrances. It is used as a replacement for sandalwood oil, which is prepared from catechol through guaiacol and camphor. Further, it is a precursor for the preparation of vanillin from guaiacol, which is obtained by methylation reaction with catechol.
Ring-opening with O2 in the presence of CuCl, pyridine and methanol gives the monoester of cis,cis-muconic acid: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 490 (1993).
In the presence of catechol, carboxylic acids are reduced to alcohols by NaBH4: Tetrahedron, 48, 371 (1992).
For an example of the use of catechol in the synthesis of crown ethers, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 395 (1988).
Jastrzebski, R.; van den Berg, E. J.; Weckhuysen, B. M.; Bruijnincx, P. C. A. Sustainable production of dimethyl adipate by non-heme iron(III) catalysed oxidative cleavage of catechol. Catal. Sci. Technol. 2015, 5 (4), 2103-2109.
Zhong, M.; Dai, Y.; Fan, L.; Lu, X.; Kan, X. A novel substitution-sensing for hydroquinone and catechol based on a poly(3-aminophenylboronic acid)/MWCNTs modified electrode. Analyst 2015, 140 (17), 6047-6053.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H301-H311-H315-H318-H341-H351
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. Suspected of causing genetic defects. Suspected of causing cancer.
Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.