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N-Hydroxysuccinimide is used for improved amidations in the carbodiimide method. It is also used to activate a carboxyl group and reacts with amine to form amide. It is involved in the preparation of N-hydroxymaleimide-styrene copolymer. Further, it finds use in analytical chemistry. As an additive, it is used in the carbodiimide method for improved amidations and peptide couplings.
Reagent for the preparation of active N-hydroxysuccinimide esters for peptide coupling with minimum racemization: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 86, 1839 (1964), or as an additive in the DCC method (see N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, A10973 ) to suppress racemization: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 89, 7151 (1967). For peptide reagents, see Appendix 6.
For a study of the aminolysis of N-hydroxysuccinimide esters, see: J. Org. Chem., 53, 3583 (1988).
Park, C.; Vo, C. L. N.; Kang, T.; Oh, E.; Lee, B. J. New method and characterization of self-assembled gelatin-oleic nanoparticles using a desolvation method via carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) reaction. Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm. 2015, 89, 365-373.
Peng, Z.; McGee, W. M.; Bu, J.; Barefoot, N. Z.; McLuckey, S. A. Gas phase reactivity of carboxylates with N-hydroxysuccinimide esters. J. Am. Soc. Mass. Spectrom. 2015, 26 (1), 174-180.