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Tri-n-butyltin chloride is used as an endocrine disruptor as well as an inhibitor for the V-ATPases. It is also used as a rodent-repellent for cable coatings. Further, it is used in hot end glass coating. It also employed as a corrosion remover.
Reaction with Grignard or lithium reagents gives alkyl or aryl stannanes.
Organostannanes undergo the Stille coupling reaction, in the presence of Pd catalysts, such as trans-Dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II), 10491 , or Tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0), 10548 , with aryl halides: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 25, 508 (1986); J. Org. Chem., 52, 422 (1987), aryl triflates: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 4630 (1984); 108, 3033 (1986); 109, 5478 (1987); Org. Synth. Coll., 9, 553 (1998), or aryl fluorosulfonates: J. Org. Chem., 56, 3493 (1991). LiCl is added in the reaction with triflates to prevent decomposition of the catalyst. These reactions are of wide scope (coupling also occurs with vinyl, allyl or benzyl halides), take place under very mild conditions, and a variety of other functional groups can be tolerated. For recent reviews of the Stille reaction, see: Adv. Met.-Org. Chem., 5, 1 (1996); Org. React., 50, 1 (1997).
For use in stannylation of allylic chlorides via the ultrasound-promoted Barbier reaction with Mg, see: Chem. Lett., 1857 (1986); Org. Synth. Coll, 9, 707 (1998). For an example of stannylation of indoles as a route to 2-substituted indoles, see 1-Methylindole, A12605 .
See also: A. G. Davies, Organotin Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, N. Y. (1997); H. Nozaki in Organometallics in Synthesis, M. Schlosser, Ed., Wiley, N.Y. (1994), p535; (reviews): Tetrahedron, 45, 909 (1989); J. Organomet. Chem., 437, 23 (1992).
Carrillo, S. G.; Aranda, F. J.; Ortiz, A.; Teruel, J. A. Kinetic characterization of Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA1) inhibition by tri-n-butyltin(IV) chloride. A docking conformation proposal. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. 2015, 33 (6), 1211-1224.
Majetich, G.; Irvin, T. C.; Thompson, S. B. One-pot dehydrations using phenyl isothiocyanate. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (23), 3326-3329.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H301-H312-H315-H319-H372
Toxic if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.