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79-24-3 - Nitroethane, 99% - A10855 - Alfa Aesar

A10855 Nitroethane, 99%

CAS-Nummer
79-24-3
Synonyme

Größe Preis ($) Menge Verfügbarkeit
100g 25,49
500g 54,02
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Nitroethane, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007404
EINECS
201-188-9

Chemische Eigenschaften

Formel
CH3CH2NO2
Molmasse
75.07
Schmelzpunkt
-89°
Siedepunkt
112-115°
Flammpunkt
30°(86°F)
Dichte
1.046
Brechungsindex
1.3920
Löslichkeit
Soluble in water (4.6 g/100 ml at 20°C).

Anwendungen

Nitroethane is used as industrial solvents and pharmaceutical intermediates, explosives and as rocket fuel.

Bemerkungen

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. It is hygroscopic in nature. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids and strong bases.

Literaturverweise

David J. T. Porters.; Harold J. Bright. Mechanism of Oxidation of Nitroethane by Glucose Oxidase. The Journal Of Biological Chemistry. 1977, 252, (12), 4361-4370.

Syun-ichi Kiyooka.; Yuichi Kaneko.; Ken-ichi Kume. The catalytic asymmetric aldol reaction of silyl ketene acetals with aldehydes in the presence of a chiral borane complex. Nitroethane as a highly effective solvent for catalytic conditions. Tetrahedron Letters. 1992, 33, (34), 4927-4930.

Aldehydes are converted to nitriles in one step in the presence of NaOAc/AcOH (NH4OAc gives the "expected" alkylidene derivative): Synthesis, 510 (1985):

For a review of the use of nitro-compounds as alkyl anion synthons, including methods for removing the nitro-group from the resulting carbon skeletons, see: Synthesis, 833 (1988).

For further reactions of aliphatic nitro-compounds, see Nitromethane, A11806.

GHS Gefahren- und Sicherheitshinweise

Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H226-H302-H332

Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.

Sicherheitshinweise: P210-P261-P280-P240-P241-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P301+P312-P312-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Weitere Referenzen

Merck
14,6597
Beilstein
1209324
Gefahrenklasse
3
Verpackungsgruppe
III
Harmonized Tariff Code
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
KI5600000

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