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1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone is used to color gasoline and some heating oils. It is used as an intermediate for the synthesis of indanthrene- and alizarin-derived dyes. It is also used to form lake pigments with calcium, barium and lead. It may be used in the synthesis of cyclopentanoids by cyclization of α,β-unsaturated aldehyde with 1, 4 1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. It has been studied as a long range emissive ratiometric fluorescent probe for live cell imaging.
Petronela Pascariu Dorneanu; Mihaela Homocianu; Ionut Radu Tigoianu; Anton Airinei; Mirela Zaltariov; Maria Cazacu. Solvent effects on the photophysical properties of poly[1,4-dihydroxyanthraquinoneimine-1,3-bis(phenylene-ester-methylene)tetramethyldisiloxane]. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. 2015, 134,218-224.
Makoto Ogawa; Tokuhiko Handa; Kazuyuki Kuroda; Chuzo Kato; Toshiro Tani. Photochemical hole burning of 1,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone intercalated in a pillared layered clay mineral. J. Phys. Chem. 1992, 96,(20), 8116-8119.