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10035-06-0 - Bismuth(III) nitrate pentahydrate, 98% - A11748 - Alfa Aesar

A11748 Bismuth(III) nitrate pentahydrate, 98%

CAS Number

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
100g 31,00
500g 74,30
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Bismuth(III) nitrate pentahydrate, 98%


Chemical Properties

Formula Weight
485.07 (394.99anhy)
Melting point
30° dec.
Soluble in dilute nitric acid solution, dilute acetic acid, glycerol and acetone. Insoluble in alcohol, ethyl acetateSoluble in acetone, acetic acid and glycerol. Insoluble in ethanol and ethyl acetate.


Bismuth(III) nitrate pentahydrate is an oxidant for a variety of 4-substituted Hantzsch 1,4-dihydropyridines. It also serves as a reagent for selective oxidation of sufides to sulfoxides. Further, it is involved in the preparation of Dragendorff reagent and used as a TLC stain. It is also used to prepare other bismuth compounds.


Hygroscopic. Moisture sensitive. Incompatible with strong acids, strong reducing agents, strong oxidizing agents, powdered metals and organic materials.

Literature References

Useful, easily handled oxidizing and nitrating agent in organic synthesis. Montmorillonite KSF acidic clay impregnated with bismuth nitrate was found to be an excellent reagent for high-yield aromatic nitration: Tetrahedron Lett., 41, 8017 (2000). Phenols can be nitrated with the salt itself in acetone, or without solvent: J. Org. Chem., 70, 9071 (2005). In the presence of montmorillonite, alcohols can be oxidized to carbonyl compounds: Synth. Commun., 31, 2691 (2001). Reagent for deprotection of oximes: Synthesis, 1010 (2001), and hydrazones: Synth. Commun., 32, 1917 (2001). Thioamides and thioureas are readily converted to their oxo-analogs: Tetrahedron Lett., 44, 591 (2003).

Catalyst for a convenient, high-yield Michael addition of various substrates, including amines, imidazoles and indoles, to enones: J. Org. Chem., 68, 2109 (2003). Efficient catayst for tetrahydropyranylation and depyranylation of alcohols: Eur. J. Org. Chem., 4891 (2005).

For a brief feature on uses of the reagent in organic synthesis, see: Synlett, 2699 (2005).

Zahedifar, M.; Sheibani, H. Rapid three-component synthesis of pyrimidine and pyrimidinone derivatives in the presence of Bi(NO3)3·5H2O as a mild and highly efficient catalyst. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41 (1), 105-111.

Pei, C. C.; Leung, W. W. F. Photocatalytic oxidation of nitrogen monoxide and o-xylene by TiO2/ZnO/Bi2O3 nanofibers: Optimization, kinetic modeling and mechanisms. Appl. Catal., B 2015, 174, 515-525.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H272-H315-H319-H335-H303

May intensify fire; oxidizer. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May be harmful if swallowed.

Precautionary Statements: P221-P210-P220-P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P362-P405-P501a

Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

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