I agree Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. By browsing our website without changing the browser settings you grant us permission to store that information on your device.
2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone is used as a reagent for oxidative couplings and cyclization reactions and dehydrogenation of alcohols, phenols and steroid ketones. It is also used in the synthesis of 1,2-benzisoxazoles. It is a useful electron-transfer reagent for synthesis of quinolines from imines and alkynes or alkenes.
Widely used dehydrogenation reagent, e.g. in aromatization reactions; review: Chem. Rev., 67, 153 (1967); 78, 317 (1978). For an example, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 731 (1988). Dehydrogenation of chromanones to chromones and flavanones to flavones: Synthesis, 310 (1983); spirocyclohexenones to the corresponding cross-conjugated dienones: Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 473 (1990).
Catalyzes formation of THP ethers from alcohols: Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 65, 304 (1992), the isopropylidenation of carbohydrates with 2,2-Dimethoxypropane, A13810: Acta Chem. Scand., 47, 843 (1993); and C-N bond formation e.g. imines from arylamines and aldehydes (see also 1,2-Dianilinoethane, B23098), and, with 1 mole of DDQ, benzimidazole formation: Tetrahedron, 51, 5813 (1995):
Silyl and THP ethers are deprotected: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 2997 (1992); Synth. Commun., 25, 2373 (1995), respectively. Ethers of benzylic or allylic alcohols are oxidized to aldehydes, permitting the use of the methoxymethyl group as a masked aldehyde: Can. J. Chem., 67, 699 (1989). For cleavage of thioacetals to carbonyl groups, see: J. Org. Chem., 58, 7576 (1993);
For a brief feature on uses of the reagent in synthesis, see: Synlett, 196 (2006).
Shehab, O. R.; Mansour, A. M. Sparfloxacin charge transfer complexes with 2, 3-dichloro-5, 6-dicyano-1, 4-benzoquinone and tetracyanoquinodimethane: Molecular structures, spectral, and DFT studies. J. Mol. Struct. 2015, 1093, 186-194.
Uzochukwu, I. C.; Nzegbunam, S. O. Visible Spectrophotometric and Thermodynamic Studies of Diclofenac: Charge-Transfer Complexation with 2, 3 Dichloro-5, 6-dicyano, 1, 4-benzoquinone. Trop. J. Pharm. Res. 2015, 14 (3), 519-525.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H301
Toxic if swallowed.
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.