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Aluminum chloride is used as a catalyst for Friedel-Crafts acylation and alkylation of aromatic compounds. It is one of the most commonly employed Lewis acids for a wide variety of organic transformations. It catalyzes the ene reaction, polymerization and isomerization reactions. For example, it can be used for the synthesis of ethyl benzene which is a precursor for producing polystyrene. It can be used for producing dodecylbenzene, a key intermediate for detergents. It is useful in the production of anthroquinone, the presursor for dyestuffs. It is used in the synthesis of bis (arene) metal complexes, through Fischer-Hafner synthesis. Gattermann-Koch reaction employs aluminum chloride for introducing formyl group onto aromatic rings.
Shilina, M. I.; Vasilevskii, G. Y.; Rostovshchikova, T. N.; Murzin, V. Y. Unusual coordination state of cobalt ions in zeolites modified by aluminum chloride. Dalton Trans. 2015, 44 (29), 13282-13293.
Azarniya, A.; Azarniya, A.; Hosseini, H. R. M.; Simch, A. Nanostructured aluminium titanate (Al2TiO5/) particles and nanofibers: Synthesis and mechanism of microstructural evolution. Mater. Charact. 2015, 103, 125-132.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H314
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.