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The combination of properties like solubility in most of the solvents, volatility, catalytic property, and strong acidity with non-oxidizing nature makes it a widely used reagent in organic synthesis. Trifluoroacetic acid is an important building block in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and performance products. It is a precursor to many fluorinated compounds, and widely used in peptide synthesis and other organic transformations involving deprotection of t-BOC group. TFA finds use as an ion pairing agent in liquid chromatography, as a solvent in NMR spectroscopy and as a calibrant in mass spectrometry.
López, S. E.; Salazar, J. Trifluoroacetic acid: Uses and recent applications in organic synthesis. J. Fluorine Chem. 2013, 156, 73-100.
Natu, A. D.; Burde, A. S.; Limaye, R. A.; Paradkar, M. V. Acceleration of the Dakin reaction by trifluoroacetic acid. J. Chem. Res. 2014, 38 (6), 325-386.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H332-H314
Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.