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It acts on type I calcium/calmodulin dependent phosphodiesterase and also a useful electron donor. Phenothiazine finds uses in metal free organic dye sensitizers, dyes and antioxidants.
A S Horn.; S H Snyder. Chlorpromazine and dopamine: conformational similarities that correlate with the antischizophrenic activity of phenothiazine drugs. PNAS. 1971, 68 (10),2325-2328.
Lea Assed Bezerra Silva et. al. Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy for the Treatment of Teeth with Apical Periodontitis: A Histopathological Evaluation. Journal of Endodontics. 2012, 38 (3),360-366.
Lithiation in THF gives orange crystals of (phenothiazin-10-yl)lithium.3THF. Carboxylation and the orientation of a second lithiation have been studied: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 34, 921 (1995).
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H319-H317
Causes serious eye irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Specific treatment (see label). Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.