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1-Methylimidazole is used as a precursor for the synthesis of pyrrole-imidazole polyamides, ionic liquids such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate. It is actively involved in removing acid during the production of diethoxyphenylphosphine. It is used as an intermediate in organic synthesis.
Useful base for peptide coupling, etc. See, e.g.: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 2223 (1995). For peptide reagents, see Appendix 6.
Undergoes lithiation at the 2-position. Reaction of the Li derivative with ketones followed by dehydration with acetic anhydride is a good route to 2-alkylideneimidazoles: Synthesis, 78 (1990). Likewise, reaction with benzonitrile gives the 2-benzoyl derivative, the carbonyl group of which undergoes Wittig methylenation: Synth. Commun., 20, 321 (1990).
Reacts with acid chlorides, including chloroformates, to give N-acylimidazolium salts, which are useful reagents for the acylation of, for example, amino acids: Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1021 (1973).
Zhang, Y.; Yin, S. C.; Lu, J. M. N-Heterocyclic carbene-palladium(II)-1-methylimidazole complex catalyzed allyl-aryl coupling of allylic alcohols with arylboronic acids in neat water. Tetrahedron 2015, 71 (4), 544-549.
Guan, J. T.; Song, X. M.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Wei, B. M.; Dai, Z. Q. Catalytic activity of 1-methylimidazole-based phosphine ligands in the palladium-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 2015, 29 (2), 87-89.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H227-H302-H312-H314
Combustible liquid. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.