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Reagent for organic synthesisUsed as a reagent for organic synthesis. Thiourea is a photographic fixative, and used in manufacture of resins. It acts as a catalyst for asymmetric reactions. It plays an essential role as a catalyst for highly enantio- and diastereoselective additions reaction of oxindoles to nitroolefins. It is also useful to improve the productivity of mung bean.
Reagent for the conversion of alkyl halides to thiols by base hydrolysis of the isothiouronium salts; see also N-Acetylthiourea, B21198. Cleavage of isothiouronium salts with base and alkylation of the resulting thiolate has been used as a convenient synthesis of unsymmetrical sulfides: Synth. Commun., 14, 209 (1984).
Epoxides are converted to episulfides: J. Org. Chem., 26, 3467 (1961). The 2,3-epoxy alcohols resulting from the Sharpless enantioselective epoxidation can be converted to the corresponding episulfides with retention at both centers, using Ti(O-i-Pr)4 as mediator: J. Org. Chem., 53, 4114 (1988).
Widely used in heterocyclic syntheses, e.g. of thiazoles and pyrimidines.
Has been used in a convenient synthesis of isothiocyanates from oximes via the nitrile oxide: Tetrahedron Lett., 34, 8283 (1993); see also Benzaldoxime, A12053:
Bui, T.; Syed, S.; Barbas, C. F. Thiourea-Catalyzed Highly Enantio- and Diastereoselective Additions of Oxindoles to Nitroolefins: Application to the Formal Synthesis of (+) -Physostigmine. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131 (25), 8758-8759.
Takemoto, Y. Development of Chiral Thiourea Catalysts and Its Application to Asymmetric Catalytic Reactions. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 2010, 58 (5), 593-601.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H302-H351-H361
Harmful if swallowed. Suspected of causing cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.