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Anisole is widely used as a solvent for the synthesis of various organic compounds, anethole, nonylphenol isomer 4-(3',6'-dimethyl-3-heptyl)phenol, perfumes, insect pheromones and pharmaceuticals. It finds application in the preparation of inorganic complexes and materials such as tin-core/tin oxide nanoparticles.
The rate of ortho-lithiation of anisole is accelerated dramatically in the presence of TMEDA, effective also in sub-stoichiometric amounts: Tetrahedron Lett., 35, 385 (1994). For discussion of the mechanism of ortho-lithiation, see: J. Org. Chem., 62, 3024 (1997). Although direct dilithiation with n-BuLi/TMEDA was unsuccessful, a sequence involving monolithiation, silylation and further lithiation at the 6-position gave the 2,6-disilyl derivative in 72% yield: J. Org. Chem., 49, 4657 (1984).
Widely used as a carbocation scavenger in the deblocking of, e.g. N-Boc or N-Cbz (Z) peptides with acidic reagents. Addition of anisole removes t-butyl or benzyl cations from the reaction mixture; see, e.g.: J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 922 (1976); Chem. Pharm. Bull., 25, 2929 (1977); Chem. Ber., 101, 3649 (1968).
Lee, W-S.; Kumar, A.; Wang, Z.; Bhan, A. Chemical Titration and Transient Kinetic Studies of Site Requirements in Mo2C-Catalyzed Vapor Phase Anisole Hydrodeoxygenation. ACS Cata. 2015, 5 (7), 4104-4114.
Peters, J. E.; Carpenter, J. R.; David, D. C. Anisole and Guaiacol Hydrodeoxygenation Reaction Pathways over Selected Catalysts. Energy Fuels 2015, 29 (2), 906-916.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H226-H303-H332-H315-H319-H335
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.