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Propionitrile, act as solvents and are reacted further for various application including, Extraction solvent for fatty acids, oils and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Solvent for spinning and casting, removing agent of colouring matters and aromatic alcohols, Non-aqueous solvent for titrations and for inorganic salts, Recrystallization of steroids, Parent compound for organic synthesis, chemical intermediate in biochemistry, Catalyst and component of transition-metal complex catalysts, Stabilizer for chlorinated solvents, Chemical intermediate and solvent for perfumes and pharmaceuticals. It is used as a dielectric fluid.
R. G. Lerner.; B. P. Dailey. Microwave Spectrum and Structure of Propionitrile. J. Chem. Phys. 1957, 678, (26.
R.J. Kern. Acrylonitrile and propionitrile complexes of metal chlorides in the first transition series. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry. 1963, 25, (1), 5-9.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H225-H300-H310-H331-H319
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.