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Succinimide is used in organic syntheses and in industrial silver plating processes. It is also used as anticonvulsant drugs such as ethosuximide, phensuximide and methsuximide. Further, it is used to form covalent bonds between proteins, peptides and plastics. In addition to this, it is used as an important raw material for the synthesis of heterocyclic compounds through N-acyliminium cyclizations.
With the cycloalkenylation agent (1-Ethoxycarbonylcyclopropyl)triphenylphosphonium tetrafluoroborate, A18305, gives a bridgehead lactam (pyrrolizinone) which is an intermediate in a diastereoselective synthesis of (±)-isoretronecanol: Liebigs Ann. Chem., 521 (1983):
Peng, H.; Kather, M.; Ru?bsam, K.; Jakob, F.; Schwaneberg, U.; Pich, A. Water-Soluble Reactive Copolymers Based on Cyclic N-Vinylamides with Succinimide Side Groups for Bioconjugation with Proteins. Macromolecules 2015, 48 (13), 4256-4268.
Habibi, A.; Soltanloo, Z.; Beiraghi, A.; Valizadeh, Y. One-pot synthesis of new dye derivatives of succinimide via three-component reaction of alkylidene Meldrum's acid, isocyanides and p-aminoazobenzene derivatives. Dyes Pigm. 2015, 113, 481-486.