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Glycine is used as an additive in pet food, animal feed and sweetener and taste enhancer in human foods. It is also used as a buffering agent in antacids, analgesics, antiperspirants, cosmetics and toiletries. It acts as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, especially in the spinal cord, brainstem, and retina. It serves as a buffer agent and prevents the sample damage during electrophoresis. Further, it is used to remove protein-labelling antibodies from western blot membranes. In addition to this, it is involved in the production of rubber sponge products, metal complexants and fertilizers.
Kar, J. R.; Hallsworth, J. E.; Singhal, R. S. Fermentative production of glycine betaine and trehalose from acid whey using Actinopolyspora halophila (MTCC 263). Environ. Technol. Innovation 2015, 3, 68-76.
Rao, K. S.; Sentilnathan, J.; Cho, H. W.; Wu, J. J.; Yoshimura, M. Soft Processing of Graphene Nanosheets by Glycine-Bisulfate Ionic-Complex-Assisted Electrochemical Exfoliation of Graphite for Reduction Catalysis. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2015, 25 (2), 298-305.