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1,3-Dichloroacetone is used in the synthesis of citric acid. It is used as a solvent and as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Further, it serves as an acceptor substrate in the cross-aldol reaction with donor substrates such as acetone, cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone. It is also used in the preparation of an active pharmaceutical ingredient, famotidine.
Successive reaction with a Grignard reagent and Li metal leads to 1-substituted cyclopropanols, which rearrange on thermolysis to ethyl ketones: Synthesis, 647 (1983):
The cyclization can also be induced by ethyl radicals, generated from ethylmagnesium bromide and FeCl3. This method is applicable only to 1-arylcyclopropanols: J. Org. Chem., 29, 2813 (1964); 43, 3602 (1978); Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 1058 (1973).
Formation of the acetal followed by treatment with NaNH2 provides a route to cyclopropenones: Tetrahedron, 48, 2045 (1992).
Serrano, M.; Silva, M.; Gallego, M. Determination of 14 haloketones in treated water using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A 2015, 1407, 208-215.
Deng, J.; Chen, K.; Yao, Z.; Lin, J.; Wei, D. Efficient synthesis of optically active halogenated aryl alcohols at high substrate load using a recombinant carbonyl reductase from Gluconobacter oxydans. J. Mol. Catal. B: Enzym. 2015, 118, 1-7.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H300-H310-H330-H314-H318-H341
Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage. Suspected of causing genetic defects.
Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.