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Tin(II) chloride is used as a sensitizing agent in preparing glass and plastic for metalizing. It serves as a potent reducing agent. Other uses of stannous chloride are tin electroplating baths, corrosion inhibitors, polymers, thermoplastic elastomers, soldering flux, antioxidant, tanning agent and pharmaceuticals.
Nitro aromatics can be selectively reduced in the presence of aldehyde, nitrile or halogen substituents, using ethanol - ethyl acetate as solvent: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 839 (1984). ɑß-Unsaturated nitro compounds are reduced to the oximes of saturated ketones: Synth. Commun., 18, 693 (1988).
Reduces azides to amines in methanol: Tetrahedron Lett., 27, 1425 (1986).
For use in the preparation of aldehydes by the Stephen reduction of aromatic nitriles, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 626 (1955), and by the Sonn-Mueller reduction of imidoyl chlorides: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 818 (1955).
Catalyzes the reaction of ethyl diazoacetate with aldehydes to give ß-keto esters: J. Org. Chem., 54, 3258 (1989). For carbon-carbon double-bond formation between ɑ-halo ketones and aldehydes, mediated by SnCl2/Na2SO3, see: Synth. Commun., 23, 271 (1993).
Catalyst for tetrahydropyranylation of alcohols: Synth. Commun., 29, 1679 (1999).
Gurnani, C.; Hector, A. L.; Jager, E.; Levason, W.; Pugha, D.; Reid, G. Tin(II) fluoride vs. tin(II) chloride - a comparison of their coordination chemistry with neutral ligands. Dalton Trans. 2013, 42, 8364-8374.
Ramasamy, K.; Malika, M. A.; O'Brien, P. Routes to copper zinc tin sulfide Cu2ZnSnS4 a potential material for solar cells. Chem. Commun. 2012, 48, 5703-5714.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H303-H314-H318
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.