I agree Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. By browsing our website without changing the browser settings you grant us permission to store that information on your device.
Allyltrimethylsilane is involved as a reactant in Hosomi Sakurai reaction for allylation in the presence of Lewis acid. For example, it reacts with cyclohexanone to get 1-allylcyclohexanol. It acts as a nucleophile and is involved in Carbon-Ferrier rearrangement.
Reactions with electrophiles illustrate the ß-effect (see Appendix 4); e.g. acid chlorides with a Lewis acid give allyl ketones: J. Organomet. Chem., 85, 149 (1975):
Similarly, carbonyl compounds are converted to homoallylic alcohols: J. Organomet. Chem., 69, C15 (1974). In the TiCl4 promoted reaction with enones, behaves as an allyl anion equivalent, giving the product of conjugate addition (Hosomi-Sakurai reaction): J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 1673 (1977); 105, 2354 (1983); Org. Synth. Coll., 7, 443 (1990):
More recent studies have shown that TMS cyclopentanes are also formed in these reactions via a competing [3+2] cycloaddition mechanism: Tetrahedron, 49, 9955 (1993). Chemoselective addition to aldehydes can be accomplished in the presence of a ketone, using Scandium(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate hydrate, 40566 as catalyst: Synthesis, 1822 (1998).
In the presence of F-, functions as an allyl anion equivalent, affording homoallylic alcohols from carbonyl compounds: Tetrahedron Lett., 3043 (1978), and adding to a variety of Michael acceptors: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 3213 (1984); J. Org. Chem., 51, 1745 (1986). For a review of reactivity in the presence of Lewis acids and F-, see: J. Prakt. Chem./ Chem. Ztg., 336, 375 (1994).
Has also been used, in the presence of a catalyst such as p-TsOH, I2, Br2 or TfOH, as a silylating agent for alcohols, phenols and carboxylic acids: Tetrahedron Lett., 21, 835 (1980); J. Org. Chem., 46, 5212 (1981). The advantage over more conventional silylation methods is that the only by-product is the neutral gas propene.
Srinivas, B.; Reddy, T. R.; Kashyap, S. Ruthenium catalyzed synthesis of 2,3-unsaturated C-glycosides from glycals. Carbohydr Res. 2015, 406, 86-92.
Jayaraman, A.; Jacob, T. V.; Bisskey, J.; Sterenberg, B. T. Sequential electrophilic P-C bond formation in metal-coordinated chlorophosphines. Dalton Trans. 2015, 44 (19), 8788-8791.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H225-H315-H319-H335
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.