Cytotoxic compound that causes oxidative base damage to nuclear DNAAlloxan monohydrate is used as a precursor to prepare purple dye murexide. It is also used in research models to induce diabetes and destroy beta cells. Further, it is a strong oxidizing agent and it forms a hemiacetal with its reduced reaction product dialuric acid.
Allehyani, B. H.; Elroby, S. A.; Aziz, S. G.; Hilal, R. H. Protonation and deprotonation enthalpies of alloxan and implications for the structure and energy of its complexes with water: a computational study. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. 2015, 33 (4), 897-910.
Amraie, E.; Farsani, M. K.; Sadeghi, L.; Khan, T. N.; Babadi, V. Y.; Adavi, Z. The effects of aqueous extract of alfalfa on blood glucose and lipids in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Interv. Med. Appl. Sci. 2015, 7 (3), 124-128.