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Lanthanum chloride solutions are used in various water treatment applications. Lanthanum chloride is also used in biochemical research. Doped with cerium, it is applied as a scintillator material. In organic synthesis, lanthanum trichloride functions as a mild lewis acid. This compound is used in gamma detectors.
Catalyst for the efficient Knoevenagel condensation of active methylene compounds with aldehydes: Synth. Commun., 33, 3825 (2003)."
Zhang, Q. B.; Yang, C.; Hua, Y. X.; Lia, Y.; Dong, P. Electrochemical preparation of nanostructured lanthanum using lanthanum chloride as a precursor in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ionic liquid. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17, 4701-4707.
Wang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhou, Q.; Huang, X. Combined effects of lanthanum(III) chloride and acid rain on photosynthetic parameters in rice. Chemosphere 2014, 112, 355-361.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.