4-nitrobenzyl alcohol is used as the sole source of carbon and nitrogen to study the pathway for the catabolism of 4-nitrotoluene by Pseudomonas.
Iraj Mohammadpoor-Baltork.; Hamid Aliyan.; Ahmad Reza Khosropour. Bismuth(III) salts as convenient and efficient catalysts for the selective acetylation and benzoylation of alcohols and phenols.Tetrahedron. 2001, 57 (27),5851-5854 .
Adina Haimova.; Ronny Neumann. Polyethylene glycol as a non-ionic liquid solvent for polyoxometalate catalyzed aerobic oxidation.Chem. Commun. 2002, (8), 876-877 .
Protection of alcohols as their 4-nitrobenzyl ethers has been carried out, e.g. in the presence of trifluoroacetic anhydride and 2,6-lutidine: Tetrahedron Lett., 31, 389 (1990).
Selective deprotection at room temperature can be accomplished by sodium dithionite in aqueous acetonitrile: Synth. Commun., 12, 219 (1982). Photolytic cleavage has been employed in the carbohydrate series: J. Org. Chem., 37, 2281, 2285 (1972). For reviews of photoremovable protecting groups, see: Synthesis, 1 (1980); Org. Photochem., 9, 225 (1987). Reduction to the aniline, followed by chemical or electrolytic oxidation has also been reported: Tetrahedron Lett., 31, 389 (1990).
Has also found use to protect carboxylic acids as their 4-nitrobenzyl esters, particularly in the penicillin and peptide fields. See also 4-Nitrobenzyl bromide, A15236, and 4-Nitrobenzyl chloride, A15749.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.