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Phenol is used as a precursor for cyclohexanone, plastics, nonionic detergents and pharmaceutical drugs like aspirin. It acts as an anesthetic in chloraseptic. It reacts with acetone to get bisphenol-A, which is used in the synthesis of poly carbonates and epoxide resins. It is also used in the manufacture of synthetic resins, dyes, pharmaceuticals, synthetic tanning agents, perfumes, lubricating oils and solvents. In molecular biology, it is used in the extraction of nucleic acid from tissues by using liquid/liquid phenol-chloroform extraction technique. It is an active component of paint strippers, which is used for the removal of epoxy and polyurethane. It is also used in the preparation of cosmetics, hair colorings and skin lightening preparations. In the field of medicine, its spray is useful in helping sore throat.
Jiang, L.; Jia, T.; Wang, M.; Liao, J.; Cao, P. Pd-Catalyzed Enantioselective Hydroalkoxylation of Alkoxyallenes with Phenol for Construction of Acyclic O, O-Acetals. Org. Lett. 2015, 17 (5), 1070-1073.
Park, J. H.; Park, C. Y.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, M. U.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, G. H.; Park, C. P. Continuous-Flow Synthesis of meta-Substituted Phenol Derivatives. Org. Process Res. Dev. 2015, 19 (7), 812-818.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H301-H311-H331-H314-H341-H373
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Suspected of causing genetic defects. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
IF SWALLOWED: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.