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106-89-8 - (±)-Epichlorohydrin, 99% - (±)-1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane - A15823 - Alfa Aesar

A15823 (±)-Epichlorohydrin, 99%

CAS-Nummer
106-89-8
Synonyme
(±)-1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane

Größe Preis ($) Menge Verfügbarkeit
100g 19,26
500g 26,75
2500g 78,38
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(±)-Epichlorohydrin, 99%

MDL
MFCD00005132
EINECS
203-439-8

Chemische Eigenschaften

Formel
C3H5ClO
Molmasse
92.53
Schmelzpunkt
-57°
Siedepunkt
115-117°
Flammpunkt
32°(90°F)
Dichte
1.182
Brechungsindex
1.4380
Löslichkeit
Miscible with water and organic polar solvents.

Anwendungen

Epichlorohydrin is used in the manufacture of polyamines and polyquaternary ammonium salts, as flocculents in water and wastewater treatment. It is used in the synthesis of surface active agents for washing products and toiletries. Polyamine-epichlorohydrin resin is used in paper industry to improve paper wet-strength. It acts as a chemical intermediate and widely used in the manufacture of epoxy resins, epichlorohydrin elastomers and polyamide-epichlorohydrin resins.

Bemerkungen

Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Literaturverweise

For use as an acid scavenger in bromination reactions, see: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 4419 (1973).

The preparation of glycidyl ethers, often carried out in two steps, via the ring-opened chlorohydrin ether and subsequent ring-closure with base, can be achieved as a single step, under phase-transfer conditions: Synthesis, 117 (1983). For extension to diglycidyl ethers of diols, see: Synthesis, 649 (1985).

Reaction with primary amines provides a one-step route to 3-azetidinols: J. Org. Chem., 55, 2920 (1990):

/n

Zhang, Y.; Tan, Z.; Liu, B.; Mao, D.; Xiong, C. Coconut shell activated carbon tethered ionic liquids for continuous cycloaddition of CO2 to epichlorohydrin in packed bed reactor. Catal. Commun. 2015, 68, 73-76.

Xiao, S.; Zhang, C.; Chen, R.; Chen, F. Selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde with H2O2 in water on epichlorohydrin-modified Fe3O4 microspheres. New. J. Chem. 2015, 39 (6), 4924-4932.

GHS Gefahren- und Sicherheitshinweise

Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H301-H311-H331-H317-H350-H314-H226

Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause cancer. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Flammable liquid and vapour.

Sicherheitshinweise: P210-P260-P201-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P361-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Weitere Referenzen

Merck
14,3611
Beilstein
79785
Gefahrenklasse
6.1
Verpackungsgruppe
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2910.30
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
TX4900000

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