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Benzethonium chloride is used as a surface disinfectant and a preservative in food processing and pharmaceutical industries. It is involved in the determination of sodium dodecyl sulfate using sulphan blue as indicator from the mixture containing other ingredients like sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. It is an effective cationic detergent due to its positively charged hydrophilic part of quaternary ammonium ion. It is an active ingredient in medicaments, deodorants and mouthwashes.
Hyamine is a registered trademark of Rohm and Haas Co.
Karumbamkandathil, A.; Ghosh, S.; Anand, U.; Saha, P.; Mukherjee, M.; Mukherjee, S. Micelles of Benzethonium Chloride undergoes spherical to cylindrical shape transformation: An intrinsic fluorescence and calorimetric approach. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2014, 593, 115-121.
Roberta, M.; Rina, M.; Olivia, M.; Kieran, J.; Edward, M. F. Differential Gene Expression of Three Gene Targets among Persistent and Nonpersistent Listeria monocytogenes Strains in the Presence or Absence of Benzethonium Chloride. J. Food Prot. 2015, 8, 1569-1573.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H302-H314-H318
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.