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1,2-Propanediol is used in antifreeze and deicing solutions for cars, boats and aircraft. It is also used to create harmless, artificial smoke for training and theatrical purposes. It is used as a humectant solvent and preservative in food. It acts as a solvent for paints and plastics. Further, it is used in the manufacturing of lactic acid by green catalytic oxidation, propanal and propylene carbonate. It is also employed in veterinary medicine as an oral treatment for hyperketonaemia in ruminants. In addition to this, it reacts with propylene oxide to prepare oligomers.
Feng, Y.; Yin, H.; Wang, A.; Xue, W. Selectively catalytic oxidation of 1,2-propanediol to lactic, formic, and acetic acids over Ag nanoparticles under mild reaction conditions. J. Catal. 2015, 326, 26-37.
Vasiliadou, E. S.; Yfanti, V. L.; Lemonidou, A. A. One-pot tandem processing of glycerol stream to 1,2-propanediol with methanol reforming as hydrogen donor reaction. Appl. Catal., B 2015, 163, 258-266.