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Thionin acetate is a strongly staining metachromatic dye that is widely used for biological staining. Thionine can also be used in place of Schiff reagent in quantitative Feulgen staining of DNA. It can also be used to mediate electron transfer in microbial fuel cells. It is also employed as a general nuclear stain for chromatin and mucin; for staining Nissl granules by end-point buffering and for showing malignant cells in frozen biopsy sections; and as a stain for semi-thin sections of plant material for light microscopy.
Huang W.; Vernon LP.; Bell JD. Enhancement of adenylate cyclase activity in S49 lymphoma cell membranes by the toxin thionin from Pyrularia pubera.Toxicon.1994,32(7), 789-97.
D P Penney.; J M Powers.; M Frank.; C Willis.; C Churukian. Analysis and testing of biological stains--the Biological Stain Commission Procedures.Biotech Histochem.2002,77(5-6), 237-275.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.