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Erythrose is an anti-cancer agent. In vitro, ~4 mM erythrose effectively kills cancer cells for tested cell lines (in vitro), such as: lung, brain, breast and colorectal cancers. D-Erythrose inhibits tumor growth in mice (in vivo). It is used to study the mechanisms of organic micro spherule formation and Maillard (glycation) reactions.
Azofra LM, et al. Theoretical study of the mutarotation of erythrose and threose: acid catalysis.Carbohydr. Res.20133721-8.
Azofra LM, et al. Conformational study of the open-chain and furanose structures of D-erythrose and D-threose.Carbohydr. Res.201235896-105.