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Lactonization of olefins with monomethyl ester of malonic acid and ceric ammonium nitrate was carried out in acetic acid and in acetonitrile under simple mechanical stirring or ultrasound irradiation. Lactonization of olefins with CAN and monomethyl ester of malonic acid under ultrasound irradiation shows an acceleration with respect to the analogous mechanically stirred reaction.
Andrea D'Annibale,; Corrado Trogolo. Sonochemical lactonization of olefins with ceric ammonium nitrate and monomethyl ester of malonic acid. Tetrahedron Letters. 1994, 35(13), 2083-2086.
Zoltan. Noszticzius,; William D. McCormick,; Harry L. Swinney. Effect of trace impurities on a bifurcation structure in the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction: preparation of high-purity malonic acid. J. Phys. Chem. 1987, 91 (19), 5129-5134.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.