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Sulfolane is used in the chemical industry as a solvent for extractive distillation and chemical reactions. It is used to separate aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene and xylenes), to separate n-propyl alcohol and sec-butyl alcohol. It is also used to purify natural gas streams and for fractionation of fatty acids into saturated and unsaturated components and as a reaction solvent for the preparation of aromatic sulfonic acids, pyridines, isocyanates and pharmaceuticals. It can also be involved in the halogen exchange process and polymerization process. It is used as a plasticizer and curing agent.
Jian Chen.; Li-Ping Duan.; Jian-Guo Mi.; Wei-Yang Fei.; Zong-Cheng Li. Liquid-liquid equilibria of multi-component systems including n-hexane, n-octane, benzene, toluene, xylene and sulfolane at 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure. Fluid Phase Equilibria. 2000, 173 (1), 109-119.
Changsheng Yang.; Peisheng Ma.; Qing Zhou. Excess Molar Volumes and Viscosities of Binary Mixtures of Sulfolane with Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p-Xylene, o-Xylene, and m-Xylene at 303.15 and 323.15 K and Atmospheric Pressure. J. Chem. Eng. Data. 2004, 49 (4), 881-885.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H302
Harmful if swallowed.
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.