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Sodium hydroxide is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture soaps, rayon, paper, explosives, dyestuffs, and petroleum products. It is also used in processing cotton fabric, laundering and bleaching, metal cleaning and processing, oxide coating, electroplating, and electrolytic extracting. It is commonly present in commercial drain and oven cleaners.
P.W. Needs,; R.R. Selvendran. Avoiding oxidative degradation during sodium hydroxide/methyl iodide-mediated carbohydrate methylation in dimethyl sulfoxide. Carbohydrate Research. 1993, 345 (1), 1-10.
G. W. Sears. Determination of Specific Surface Area of Colloidal Silica by Titration with Sodium Hydroxide. Anal. Chem. 1956, 28 (12), 1981-1983.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H314-H318
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.