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PMA activates Ca2+- ATPase and potentiates forskolin-induced cAMP formation. It has been shown to inhibit apoptosis induced by the Fas antigen, but PMA induces apoptosis in HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells.
Vicentini, L.M.; Di Virgilio, F.; Ambrosini, A.; Pozzan, T.; Meldolesi, J. Tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate inhibits phosphoinositide hydrolysis and cytosolic Ca2+ rise induced by the activation of muscarinic receptors in PC12 cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 1985, 127, (1), 310-317.
Emerit, I.; Cerutti, P.A. Tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces a clastogenic factor in human lymphocytes. Current Issue. 1982, 79, (23), 7509-7513.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315
Causes skin irritation.
Wear protective gloves. Wash thoroughly after handling. Specific treatment (see label). If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. IF ON SKIN: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.