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alpha-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone amide is an endogenous melanocortin receptor agonist (Ki values are 0.12, 31, 660 and 5700 nM for MC1, MC3, MC4 and MC5 receptors respectively). Anti-inflammatory peptide; antagonizes proinflammatory mediators, including TNF-α, IL-6 and NO and induces anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Inhibits food intake and induces penile erections following i.c.v. administration.
D.M.Jacobowitz; T.L.O'Donohue. alpha-Melanocyte stimulating hormone: immunohistochemical identification and mapping in neurons of rat brain. Current Issue. 1978, 75,(12), 6300-6304.
J.G.Cannon; J.B.Tatro; S.Reichlin; C.A.Dinarello. Alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone inhibits immunostimulatory and inflammatory actions of interleukin 1. The Journal of Immunology. 1986, 137,(7), 2232-2236.