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3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine is used in inhibition of phenylephrine-induced release of 5-hydroxytryptamine from neuroendocrine epithelial cells of the airway mucosa (IC50 = 1.3 uM). Also inhibits ion channels in the neuromuscular junction, GH3 cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells. Inhibits the growth of carcinoma cells both in vivo and in vitro in mice.
Stephen C. Mann.; Paul A. Andrews.; Stephen B. Howell. Modulation of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) accumulation and sensitivity by forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine in sensitive and resistant human ovarian carcinoma cells. International Journal of Cancer. 1991, 48, (6), 866-872.
Friedman, G.; Chajek-Shaul, T.; Stein, O.; Stein, Y. Modulation of lipoprotein lipase activity in cultured rat mesenchymal heart cells and preadipocytes by dibutyryl cyclic amp, cholera toxin and 3-isobutyl- 1-methylxanthine. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Lipids and Lipid Metabolism. 1983, 752, (1), 106-117.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H302
Harmful if swallowed.
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.