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It is used as a component of electron transport chain and in aerobic cellular respiration, Coenzyme Q10 can protect human endothelial cells from oxidative damage by modulating the nitric oxide pathway. In addition, Coenzyme Q10 inhibits LDL oxidation, a major process in the development of atherosclerosis. Coenzyme Q10 is known to suppress the down regulation of NOS and up-regulation of NOS2. As a result of its ability to bind Ca2+, Coenzyme Q10 can transport this cation across artificial biomimetic membranes.
Thomas Muller.; Thomas Buttner.; Ali-Farshad Gholipour.; Wilfried Kuhn. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation provides mild symptomatic benefit in patients with Parkinson's disease. Neuroscience Letters. 2003, 341, (3), 201-204.
Kommuru, T.R.; Gurley, B.; Khan, M.A.; Reddy, I.K. Self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) of coenzyme Q10: formulation development and bioavailability assessment. International Journal of Pharmaceutics. 2001, 212, (2), 233-246.