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It is a mild acylating agent and its reactivity can be enhanced by quaternization with, e.g. benzyl bromide. 1-Acetylimidazole was used as acetylation reagent for amino groups. It was also employed for acetylation of histones. It is relatively specific reagent for tyrosyl residue acetylatioa dn a reagent used in the synthesis of annulated imidazole derivatives.
Feucht W, et al. Variation of the nuclear, subnuclear and chromosomal flavanol deposition in hemlock and rye.Int. J. Mol. Sci.,2007,8,(7), 635-50.
Marburg S and Jencks WP. The Solvolysis of 1-Acetylimidazole in Concentrated Acid and Salt Solutions.J. Am. Chem. Soc.,1962,84,(2), 232-39.
Mild acylating agent. Reactivity can be enhanced by quaternization with, e.g. benzyl bromide: Chem. Pharm. Bull., 30, 4242 (1982). Acylation of nitromethane salts leads to acylnitro compounds: Synthesis, 478 (1978).