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Xylene is used as a solvent in pharmaceutical, printing, rubber and leather industries. It is an important component of ink, rubber and adhesives as well as thinning paints and varnishes. It is used in the laboratory to make baths with dry ice to cool reaction vessels and as a solvent to remove synthetic immersion oil from the microscope objective in light microscopy. It finds application as a short-term hydrophobic clearing agent of tissue samples by histologists. It is a precursor for the preparation of xylene dichlorides, xylyl bromide, terephthalic acid and dimethyl terephthalate. It acts as a cleaning agent for steel, silicon wafers and integrated circuits.
Ferrari-Lima, A. M.; De Souza, R. P.; Mendes, S. S.; Marques, R. G.; Gimenes, M. L.; Machado, N. R. C. F. Photodegradation of benzene, toluene and xylenes under visible light applying N-doped mixed TiO2 and ZnO catalysts. Catal. Today 2015, 241, 40-46.
Nassimbeni, L. R.; Bathori, N. B.; Patel, L. D.; Su, H.; Weber, E. Separation of xylenes by enclathration. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (17), 3627-3629.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H226-H303-H312-H332-H315
Flammable liquid and vapour. May be harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes skin irritation.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water.