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Reagent for ɑ-tosyloxylation of various functional groups; review: Synlett, 337 (1990)./n
Ketones and ß-dicarbonyl compounds give the ɑ-tosyloxy derivatives: J. Org. Chem., 47, 2487 (1982); see also Synth. Commun., 32, 1875 (2002). For a review of the ɑ-functionalization of carbonyl compounds by hypervalent iodine reagents, see: Contemp. Org. Synth., 2, 121 (1995). Reaction rates are increased by sonication: Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 7647 (1992). Flavanones undergo oxidative rearrangement to isoflavones: Synlett, 337 (1990). For a review of the use of the reagent in heterocyclic synthesis, see: Synlett, 221 (1994)./n
Alkenes are converted to cis-1,2-ditosyloxyalkanes: J. Org. Chem., 49, 2462 (1984). Unconjugated alkenoic acids undergo cyclization to tosyloxy lactones: Tetrahedron Lett., 27, 4557 (1984); alkenedioic acids give bis-lactones with cis stereoselectivity: Tetrahedron Lett., 27, 5437 (1984):/n
Benzylic alcohols can be oxidized to benzaldehydes in high yield under microwave irradiation: Tetrahedron Lett., 45, 4939 (2004)./n
Sulfides are oxidized to sulfoxides in high yields: Synth. Commun., 27, 1315 (1997). In refluxing acetonitrile, alkyl amides are converted to amine tosylates: J. Org. Chem., 51, 2669 (1986), giving better yields from long-chain amides than the classical Hofmann and Curtius methods: J. Org. Chem., 53, 5158 (1988)./n
Can be used as a source of a phenyl group in the Stille coupling with organostannanes: Tetrahedron Lett., 37, 531 (1996)./n
For a comprehensive review of polyvalent iodine compounds, see: Chem. Rev., 96, 1123 (1996)./n
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.