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(S)-(-)-β-Hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone acts as a chiral building block used in synthetic chemistry. It is also used in asymmetric synthesis.
Sapkota, M.; Li, L.; Choi, H.; Gerwick, W. H.; Soh, Y. Bromo-honaucin A inhibits osteoclastogenic differentiation in RAW 264.7 cells via Akt and ERK signaling pathways. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 2015, 769, 100-109.
Dhamankar, H.; Tarasova, Y.; Martin, C. H.; Prather, K. L. J. Engineering E. coli for the biosynthesis of 3-hydroxy-gamma-butyrolactone (3HBL) and 3,4-dihydroxybutyric acid (3,4-DHBA) as value-added chemicals from glucose as a sole carbon source. Metab. Eng. 2014, 25, 72-81.
Gefahrenhinweise (EU): H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.