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The class of boron compounds have formula BRnH3-n. Examples of boronic compounds include: boronic acids, anhydrides and its esters (BRn(OR)3-n), borate esters, boranes, organoborate salts, organic tetrafluoroborates, trifluoroborates, boron-substituted aromatic compounds (eg.C5H5B-pyridine), and boryl compounds (R2B). The boron based reagents are used to reduce ketones enantioselctively in a stoichometric and catalytic approach. Due to the presence of (sp3)C-B, (sp2)C-B and (sp)C-B bonds, organoboran compounds provide corresponding coupled products with various organic electrophiles in coupling reactions, which are stereo- and regioselective. The Suzuki coupling reaction (involving boron compounds), plays an important role in combinatorial and parallel methodologies in studying chemical reactivity, particularly in medicinal chemistry.
Due to the reversible covalent interactions between organoboron compounds and diols, boron compounds are used in carbohydrate chemistry. They are also useful for the detection of carbohydrates and have applications in cellular imaging and glycoprotein analysis. The derivatives of organoboron compounds can be used as synthetic intermediates, medical, or agricultural chemicals, physiologically active substances, and materials for light-emitting elements. Boron compounds are used to synthesize organic compounds with higher purity, more stability, which are easily purified, and with fewer by-products.